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Wednesday, 16 September 2020

Today's history: 24 countries come together to save the ozone layer; Ozone Prevention Day has been celebrated since 1995 when a bomb exploded on Wall Street 100 years ago.

Every year September 16 is celebrated by the United Nations as the International Day for the Prevention of the Ozone Layer. 

The event is reminiscent of the 1987 Montreal Protocol, which was commemorated by 24 countries working together. 

In Montreal these countries told the world not to ruin the ozone layer. It promised to stop using substances that could damage the ozone layer. On 19 December 1994, the UN General Assembly decided to celebrate the International Day for the Protection of the Ozone Layer on 16 September. The first Ozone Day was celebrated on September 16, 1995.

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There was a four-month lockdown to control the corona virus. Many strict rules still apply today. This has led to a reduction in pollution levels and has increased the importance of Ozone Day. 

A study by the University of Petroleum and Energy Studies in Dehradun has found that the lockdown has reduced the amount of ozone-depleting substances and has strengthened the quality of the ozone layer by 1.5 to 2 times.

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A bomb blast on Wall Street has killed at least 38 people
This is from 1920. A bomb blast on Wall Street in New York has killed at least 38 people. It was the deadliest bombing on American soil at the time. It was not immediately clear who was responsible for the bombing and why it was carried out.

Beginning of General Motors Corporation
This is the company we know as GM's trademark, which started on this day in 1908 in William C. in Flint, Michigan. Durant and Charles Stuart did the loudest. It is one of the largest car and truck manufacturers in the world. The company has introduced cars like Chevrolet and Hummer to the world.

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Today became Malaysia
In 1963, North Borneo, Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore merged to form Malaysia in the Federation of Malay. However, the association did not last long. Within two years, Singapore had abandoned the system.

3000 people killed in Lebanon
In Lebanon in 1982, members of the right-wing group killed about 3,000 people living in a refugee camp in Beirut. The massacre took place in the Palestinian refugee camps of Sabra and Shatila, which included the Lebanese Christian Fangist militia.

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Today is also remembered for these events that took place in the country and the world

1810 - Nigel Hidalgo begins a struggle with Spain for Mexican independence.
1821 - Mexico's independence is recognized.
1975 - Cape Verde, Mozambique, Sao Tome and Principe join the United Nations.
1975 - Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia.
1978 - A magnitude 7.7 earthquake shakes the region of Tabas in Iran. More than 20,000 people were killed.
1978 - General Zia-ul-Haq is elected President of Pakistan.
1986 - Hundreds die in gold mines in South Africa.
2007 - One-to-Go Airlines plane crashes in Thailand, killing 89 people.
2013 - A gunman shoots and kills 12 people at a naval base in Washington.
2014 - Islamic State launches a war against Syrian Kurdish fighters.

1893 - Shyamlal Gupta, poet (Gupta wrote the song Vijay Vishwa Tiranga Pyara)
1916 - MS Subbalakshmi, Indian actress and singer (awarded the Bharat Ratna).

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